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Coughing is something we all do, but never realize how much it affects our health, sleep, and mood until it gets out of control. To help you understand the types of coughs and how to treat them, check out this list.
Types of cough:
- Wet cough
- Dry cough
- Whooping cough / paroxysmal cough
- Croup cough
A wet cough is known by this name because your body is pushing mucus out of the respiratory system. It’s always best to spit the mucus out, as swallowing it can cause stomachaches or even vomiting. Wet coughs are usually caused by a cold or the flu or any other infection that the body is fighting.
Treatment of wet cough
- A humidifier moistens the air and prevents coughs for babies and toddlers, especially during night time.
- Use over-the-counter cough medication for children over 4 years.
- Prescription cough medication.
- Antibiotics may be needed if the cough is due to a bacterial infection.
- Natural remedies such as honey.
- Allergy medication.
A dry cough is one that tickles the back of your throat, making you cough as a reflex. However, it does not create any mucus. When a dry cough hits, you could be coughing continuously for a while which makes it quite annoying. Dry coughs occur due to inflammation or irritation in the respiratory tract and can also be caused by asthma, sinusitis, allergies or colds and flu.
Dry cough treatment
- Drinking water.
- Taking cough drops.
- Using cough syrup.
Whooping cough is an uncontrollable, violent cough that makes people struggle to breathe and could even lead to vomit. Whooping cough is caused by a bacterial infection that leads to a violent coughing fit.
Whooping coughs can be extremely dangerous for babies and can lead to serious complications as it prevents them from getting enough oxygen. It is also extremely contagious and patients must be treated.
Treatment of whooping cough
- The best way to prevent a paroxysmal cough is by getting vaccinated.
- Antibiotic treatment is recommended for whooping cough.
A croup cough appears as a result of a viral infection and is a lot more common in children ages 5 and under. Because croup coughs cause the upper airway to become swollen, it can make younger children face difficulty breathing as they have narrow airways.
A croup cough can be quite scary for children as it leaves them:
- Unable to breath
- Breathing very fast trying to catch their breath
- Make a seal-like sound while inhaling.
Treatment of croup cough
While croup coughs can be scary, here are tips to help open up the airway such as:
- Sitting in a steamy bathroom to reduce inflammation.
- Use cough medicine for ages over 6 years.
- Use a humidifier as dry air makes coughing worse.
- Breathing fresh air outdoors for children.
- Drink lots of warm fluids.
Further reading: 9 Causes of Coughing In Children