Food poisoning is a lot more common than most people anticipate. However, it is not only easy to prevent it by taking caution and specific measures, but also a condition that can be treated at home in most cases. As part of our How to spot series, we’ll be opening your eyes on how to spot food poisoning in children, how to treat food poisoning, as well as the necessary measures that need to be taken in severe cases.
Symptoms of food poisoning
- Diarrhea (sometimes accompanied by blood)
- Stomach pain and cramps
- High fever
When should I contact a doctor?
While food poisoning is quite common and relatively easy to treat, it can be life-threatening if you face the following symptoms:
- Diarrhea for more than three days
- A fever higher than 38.5°C
- Blurry vision and difficulty speaking
- Severe dehydration signs such as dry mouth and difficulty keeping liquids down.
- bloody urine
- vomiting that lasts for more than 12 hours
Treatment of food poisoning:
Food poisoning is usually treated at home and the symptoms can wear away in 3-5 days.
- Get plenty of rest
- Drink lots of fluids to prevent dehydration
- Keep the fluids down by taking small, frequent sips
- Avoid dairy products and solid foods
Important note: Avoid giving your child over the counter anti-diarrhea medication as the bad food needs to get out of their system.
Foods to eat when suffering from food poisoning:
It’s important to eat low-fat food to avoid upsetting the stomach. Here’s a list of the most recommended foods to eat when suffering from food poisoning:
- chicken broth
- bland boiled potatoes
- boiled vegetables
- diluted fruit juices
You should also avoid these foods:
- Seasoned foods
- Milk and dairy products
- fried foods
- High-sugar content foods
How to prevent food poisoning:
- Wash hands frequently, especially after using the bathroom.
- Wash all raw vegetables and fruits well.
- Store raw food away from cooked food.
- Clean kitchen utensils and surfaces with hot and soapy water.
- Keep an eye on expiration dates.
- Keep food refrigerated until use.
- Defrost frozen foods in the refrigerator, microwave or cold water.
- Trust your sense of smell: If it has a weird scent, throw it away.
- Avoid eating greens out of the house.